Recovery Housing Standards

MCRSP accredits recovery residences throughout the State of Missouri based on standards established by the National Alliance of Recovery Residences (NARR). In 2011, NARR made history by establishing a national standard for recovery residences. This standard categorizes recovery-oriented housing and services into four distinct types referred to as “levels” or “levels of support.”

The NARR Standard was developed through a strength-based and collaborative approach that solicited input from all major regional and national recovery housing organizations. Recovery residence providers from across the nation, representing all four levels of support, and nationally recognized recovery support stakeholders contributed guidance for the standard. NARR’s standards focus on a common Code of Ethics, as well as Access, Quality and Choice.

Recovery Housing Levels

NARR has been committed to developing and maintaining a national standard for all levels of recovery housing. A “Recovery Residence” denotes a safe and nurturing residential environment where individuals cultivate and apply essential skills in a home-like setting to sustain recovery. This approach is grounded in Social Model Principles which are essential across all levels of recovery residences. The Social Model philosophy promotes norms that reinforce healthy living skills, associated values, attitudes, and connection with self and community for sustaining recovery. NARR Standard 3.0 operationalizes the Social Model across four Domains, 10 Principles, 31 Standards, and their individual rules.

The Standard is tailored to each of NARR’s four levels. Only Levels 1-3 are recognized in Missouri.


The National Alliance for Recovery Residences (NARR) has developed special training modules to explore the NARR Standards, the social model of recovery, and best practices in recovery housing. These modules also assist housing program operators in developing their own policies and procedures. This training is free to operators in Missouri and Iowa.